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Wie du mit einem unbekannten Text umgehst


Task

Read the text and answer the following questions in complete sentences.

Sarah’s first holiday alone

When the train arrived, it was almost empty. Sarah Hill had already been standing on platform 9 at King’s Cross Station in London for about ten minutes. It was a sunny day, almost cloudless. Sarah had just said good-bye to her father. She was on her way to Yorkshire to visit her mother who worked there as a vet.

Sarah lived with her father in London, the city of cities. She loved London, so she had decided to stay here with her father instead of moving up North when her parents had separated.

Sarah’s father didn’t like the wild countryside. He always said life in a big city was the only true life. That was one reason for her parents’ separation: Mum didn’t like big cities because they are dirty, smelly and noisy. She was fond of animals, and she loved her job.

And now Sarah would spend two weeks in Yorkshire. Her mum would meet her in York. She had already told Sarah on the phone about the beautiful landscape, sheep farms, endless fields and the soft green hills.

Sarah got on the train. She was excited: It was her first visit after her parents had split up two years ago, and it was her first holiday without her father. Mr Hill had bought the train tickets, had given her some pocket money and had helped her with the bags. Her father was great – simply helpful and understanding; sometimes strict but never really angry with Sarah.

Questions:

  1. Where does Sarah want to go? Why?
  2. What do we learn about Sarah’s mother?
  3. Why does Sarah like her father?
  4. Your personal opinion: Do you think Sarah will come back to London? Please, explain your opinion.

Das musst du wissen

Wenn du einen unbekannten Text liest, fragst du zunächst nach der Textsorte: Handelt es sich um eine Geschichte, einen Bericht, einen Brief, ein Theaterstück, ein Gedicht oder eine Informationsbroschüre ...?

Der nächste Schritt ist die Frage nach dem Thema des Textes. Dabei können Überschrift, Einleitungssatz oder auch Bilder eine große Hilfe sein. Wenn du weißt, wovon der Text handelt, wird es dir leichter fallen, die Fragen zu verstehen und zu beantworten.

Beim Lesen solltest du sowohl den Text in seiner Gesamtheit als auch seine Details erfassen können.
Zum Gesamtverständnis helfen Überschrift, Schlüsselwörter oder auch Bilder.
Zum Detailverständnis liest du den Text ein zweites Mal und machst dir zu den Schlüsselwörtern Notizen.
Triffst du auf unbekannte Wörter, findest du manchmal Angaben unterhalb deines Textes, die dir helfen die Wörter zu verstehen. Findest du keine Angaben, dann können solche Wörter häufig auch aus dem Textzusammenhang erschlossen werden.

Schritt 1: Markiere die Schlüsselwörter des Textes

Um die Fragen richtig beantworten zu können, ist es besonders wichtig, den Text in der Gesamtheit zu verstehen und zu wissen, worum es in den einzelnen Textabschnitten geht. Markiere dir also beim zweiten Lesen Schlüsselwörter in den einzelnen Absätzen. So weißt du immer, wovon der einzelne Abschnitt handelt, und musst nicht jedes Mal den Text von Neuem lesen. Wichtig ist, dass du wirklich nur die Schlüsselwörter markierst. Denn je mehr du markierst, desto unübersichtlicher wird der Text.

Sarah’s first holiday alone

When the train arrived, it was almost empty. Sarah Hill had already been standing on platform 9 at King’s Cross Station in London for about ten minutes. It was a sunny day, almost cloudless. Sarah had just said good-bye to her father. She was on her way to Yorkshire to visit her mother who worked there as a vet.

Sarah lived with her father in London, the city of cities. She loved London, so she had decided to stay here with her father instead of moving up North when her parents had separated.

Sarah’s father didn’t like the wild countryside. He always said life in a big city was the only true life. That was one reason for her parents’ separation: Mum didn’t like big cities because they are dirty, smelly and noisy. She was fond of animals, and she loved her job.

And now Sarah would spend two weeks in Yorkshire. Her mum would meet her in York. She had already told Sarah on the phone about the beautiful landscape, sheep farms, endless fields and the soft green hills.

Sarah got on the train. She was excited: It was her first visit after her parents had split up two years ago, and it was her first holiday without her father. Mr Hill had bought the train tickets, had given her some pocket money and had helped her with the bags. Her father was great – simply helpful and understanding; sometimes strict but never really angry with Sarah.

Schritt 2: Mach dir zu den Schlüsselwörtern Notizen

Nachdem du die Schlüsselwörter markiert hast, kannst du nun beginnen dir Notizen zu den einzelnen Wörtern zu machen. Lies den Text dafür ein weiteres Mal durch und überprüfe, ob du eventuell Informationen überlesen hast. Schreibe die Notizen an den Rand des Textes oder auf ein Extrablatt Papier, sodass keine Informationen verloren gehen.

Deine Notizen können zum Beispiel so aussehen:

Yorkshire – Sarah visits mother
London – lives with father
Mother – vet; likes animals and countryside; doesn’t like big cities
Father – nice and understanding; not angry with Sarah

Schritt 3: Beantworte die Fragen zum Text

Beantworte nun die Fragen zum Text. Achte hierbei darauf, dass du alle Fragen sorgfältig und ausführlich beantwortest. In Frage d) wird zum Beispiel nach deiner eigenen Meinung gefragt. Versuche hierbei so ausführlich wie möglich zu sein. Je mehr du ins Detail gehst, desto aussagekräftiger wird deine Antwort.

  1. Sarah wants to go to Yorkshire to visit her mother.
  2. Sarah’s mother is a vet who likes animals. She enjoys working as a vet. She can’t stand big cities, but she likes the countryside.
  3. Her father seems to be quite nice because he helps Sarah a lot and seems to understand her problems without being angry with her.
  4. I think Sarah won’t come back because she might realize that living with her mother is better and she might like the countryside and animals there. She might discover new things and finds new friends. She realizes that the city is too loud for her and she really missed her mother a lot.

Lösung

  1. Sarah wants to go to Yorkshire to visit her mother.
  2. Sarah’s mother is a vet who likes animals. She enjoys working as a vet. She can’t stand big cities, but she likes the countryside.
  3. Her father seems to be quite nice because he helps Sarah a lot and seems to understand her problems without being angry with her.
  4. I think Sarah won’t come back because she might realize that living with her mother is better and she might like the countryside and animals there. She might discover new things and finds new friends. She realizes that the city is too loud for her and she really missed her mother a lot.
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