Read the following text.
The Tower of London
In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England. As soon as he came to England, he started to build castles all over the country to show how powerful he was. Among those buildings was the White Tower in London, the first of the twenty towers which belong to what is nowadays called the Tower of London. The White Tower was the strongest of those buildings. It was built to strengthen the River Thames against Danish attack, and to protect the Royal family. In the Middle Ages1, it was used for keeping weapons and later for the famous Crown Jewels. It was also used as a prison, and its really bloody and cruel history started in the 15th century. It is not known when the ravens became an important part of the Tower. A lot of historians think that they were first there in the 17th century. Legend has it that should the ravens ever leave the Tower of London, England would be afflicted by a terrible disaster. This is why even today, six to seven ravens are always kept and looked after. Today, the Tower of London is one of the world’s major tourist attractions. About 2.5 million visitors come every year to admire the beauty of the building and the Crown Jewels.
The so-called Beefeaters are responsible for the building and the safety of the tourists. Sometimes they also work as tour guides. The nickname “Beefeater” dates back to the Middle Ages when the king’s bodyguards had to try his food, which was mainly beef, to make sure that it wasn’t poisoned2. Nowadays, the Beefeaters are important members of the Queen’s bodyguard, but they do not have to taste the food for the Queen.
1Middle Ages = Mittelalter
2poisoned = vergiftet
Answer the questions in full sentences.
- Who began building the Tower of London?
- What is the White Tower?
- What was kept there during the Middle Ages?
- Why are six to seven ravens still kept today?
- Who looks after the Tower of London today?
Decide: Do you have to use the will future or the going-to future? Fill in the gaps.
Randy: “Look at my bike. I can’t use it - the brakes are not working. My dad _____________ (to repair) it on Saturday.”
Simon: “Don’t wait until Saturday. I ________________ (to check) it for you.”
Randy: “Thanks a lot. But I need new brakes. Dad and I __________________ (to buy) them on Saturday. Do you want to come with us?”
Simon: “Yes, of course. I __________________ (to come), too.”
You and your friend see a sign about the Tower of London. Translate for your friend who doesn’t speak English.
In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England. As soon as he came to England, he started to build castles all over the country to show how powerful he was. Among those buildings was the White Tower in London, the first of the twenty towers which belong to what is nowadays called the Tower of London. It is not known when the ravens became an important part of the Tower. Today, the Tower of London is one of the world’s major tourist attractions. About 2.5 million visitors come every year to admire the beauty of the building and the Crown Jewels.
If you could decide between visiting London or Paris, where would you like to go, and why? You can write about the people there, the cities, the sights, etc. Write between 70-90 words.
Listen to the following track about some famous English seaports. Write down whether each statement is right or wrong. The following words will help you to understand the text.
dome = Kuppel
sub-tropical = subtropisch
income = Einkommen
- Plymouth can be found in Devon.
- It is known as a historical place because it was invaded by Drake, Raleigh and Cook.
- The Mayflower is the name of a very famous ship.
- Tenby is an attractive sea resort on the North Coast of Wales.
- Liverpool is the biggest seaport in Great Britain.
- Gloucester is famous because of its dome.
- There is a historic dock complex that can be visited.
- Cornwall offers a mild climate for sub-tropical flowers.
- Fishing is still a major source of income in Mevagissey.
- When it becomes too busy there, the police close the village to motorbikes.