Past tense (2)
Read the following article from a school newspaper.
The best place to study
What is the best place on earth to study? OXFORD!!!
During my summer holidays I spent six weeks in this wonderful English town. You probably want to know why I went to Oxford. Well, I read this interesting book, The Time of My Life, about a young woman who wanted to study in Oxford in the 19th century. She described the city and its atmosphere so well that I really wanted to go there. I did some research on the internet and found out that the university offers young people from all over the world the opportunity to attend a summer school. This is a project where you can attend lessons and courses like a real student – only for a shorter time. And you do not have to be a real student. I learned that many young English people who have just finished school go to summer school before they enrol for university. Enrolling is when you apply to the university and are accepted as a student there.
Of course it is not easy to find a place to stay. Students can rent a flat or a room, but for six weeks? I wrote an e-mail to the “Student Services” of the university and they really helped me. They gave me the address of a family who wanted to be my host-family for my time in England. I only had to pay a little money for the room and food. I sent them a letter before I went to Oxford but I was very nervous when I got there. I didn’t know them or the British way of life. Looking back itʼs really funny that I worried so much, because the family was very nice and friendly. I had lots of fun with them when they showed me Oxford and all the nice places in the area. If you are thinking of going abroad, do it! I will never forget THE time of MY life!
Find the right answers.
- Stacy thinks Oxford is the best place …
- for holidays.
- to study.
- to make new friends.
- She first heard about Oxford through …
- the tourist information.
- her mum.
- a book.
- She liked what she got to know about …
- the atmosphere of the city.
- the university.
- the nightlife.
- When she needed to find a place to stay in Oxford she was helped by …
- the tourist information.
- her mum.
- the university.
- The family Stacy stayed with was …
- unfriendly and impolite.
- a little bit strange.
- nice and friendly.
- to study
- a book
- the atmosphere of the city
- the university
- nice and friendly
Read the following text.
If you follow the River Thames from London to the west of the country you will after approximately 60 miles reach one of the most beautiful old towns in England, Oxford. The Norman Robert d’Oilly conquered Oxford in 1066, but it was only a little village at that time. Its name is even older than the town itself. For centuries the Saxon farmers and their oxen had crossed the river here at the ford, a shallow place where it was possible to walk across the Thames. That’s where the name comes from: Oxen-ford. Robert quickly reinforced the town wall and built a stone bridge across the River Thames, as well as a castle with a chapel.
The priests of the chapel, the canons, were soon known for their knowledge and in 1100 the first lecture was held. This was the start of Oxford University. In the year 1216 the university already counted more than 1000 masters and students.
A student started his studies at the age of sixteen in those days. Only boys were allowed to study. For seven years they had to learn everything about grammar, logic, rhetoric – to be able to speak and think clearly – arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music and philosophy. After these seven years the student had an examination in which he had to prove his knowledge before he could leave the university, a master himself.
The number of students grew quickly and they all needed a place to live and to be taught. Many new buildings were erected; each master had to take care of the students in his hall, as the houses were called. This is why even today there is not really just one university in Oxford. Oxford University is more a collection of many small colleges, which still form the centre of the town.
Though girls were finally allowed to study at a special girls’ college in 1878, they couldn’t get a degree until 1921. Since 1979 nearly every college in Oxford has had to let girls in, though in 1974 only five of the originally boys-only colleges admitted girls. The 22 colleges are still the main source of income. Not only jobs as teachers are offered in Oxford, you also need lots of people to look after the houses, gardens, the more than 11,000 students, shops, pubs, cinemas, libraries and so on. There are also lots of jobs in the William Morris car factory on the outskirts of the town, which was founded in the 1920s.
Nowadays Oxford is a great place for shopping, too. You will find all the shops, both big and small, around the High Street. You can also visit one of the many museums or tour the College buildings. And you shouldn’t miss going on a tour on the river in one of the famous boats, the punts, or in a rowing boat.
Which statements are right? Correct the wrong sentences.
- The name of the town comes from the times when Saxon farmers crossed the river Thames with their oxen close to the settlement.
- Oxford is famous for its many different factories.
- Oxford lies on the river Thames, 60 miles west of London.
- The first lecture was held in Oxford in 1066.
- From 1778 on girls were also allowed in Oxford colleges.
- Nevertheless, girls could not get a degree until 1921.
- Today many people earn their money with the university, as teachers or in other jobs connected with the students or the college buildings.
- There are 37 colleges in Oxford altogether.
- High Street is the main shopping street in Oxford.
- A punt is a glass of beer.
- In the summer you can attend summer school in Oxford.
- As a tourist you are not allowed to go on a boat tour on the river.
- wrong: Oxford is famous for its university.
- wrong: The first lecture was held in Oxford in 1100.
- wrong: Girls were allowed in Oxford colleges from 1878 on.
- wrong: There are 22 colleges in Oxford.
- wrong: A punt is a boat.
- wrong: It’s a must to go on a boat tour on a sunny day in Oxford.
Complete the sentences by using the simple past and the past perfect simple in every sentence.
- When the ship (to sink), the passengers (to be) at sea for months.
- After Anne (to see) a film about King Arthur, she (to want) to read a book about him.
- Tim (not to ride) on a horse before he (to spend) a few days on a farm.
- When the boys (to arrive) at the café at 12:30, it (to close) half an hour earlier.
- The tourists (not to realize) that they (to take) the wrong way.
- When the ship sank, the passengers had been at sea for months.
- After Anne had seen a film about King Arthur, she wanted to read a book about him.
- Tim had not ridden on a horse before he spent a few days on a farm.
- When the boys arrived at the café at 12:30, it had closed half an hour earlier.
- The tourists didn’t realize that they had taken the wrong way.
Read the events of each incident. Start with the sentence written in bold. Use the past perfect simple or the simple past in order to ensure the correct chronology of each incident.
- The burglary:
- Somebody broke into the office during night.
- We arrived at work in the morning.
- We called the police.
- We at work in the morning and found that somebody into the office during night. So we the police.
- The phone call:
- Ann went out.
- I tried to phone her this morning.
- There was no answer.
- I tried to phone Ann this morning but no answer. She out.
- The reunion:
- Kevin came back from London a few days ago.
- I met him the same day.
- He looked very well.
- I Kevin a few days ago. He well. He .
- We arrived at work in the morning and found that somebody had broken into the office during night. So we called the police.
- I tried to phone Ann this morning but there was no answer. She had gone out.
- I met Kevin a few days ago. He looked well. He came back from London a few days ago.
Use the present perfect and the past perfect correctly. Pay attention to the correct use of "seit"!
Andrew lernt seit den letzten Sommerferien Deutsch. Bevor Andrew Deutsch gelernt hat, sprach er schon Französisch.
Andrew has been learning German since the last summer holidays. Before Andrew learnt German, he had already spoken French.
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