Past tense (1)
Complete the sentences with the verbs in the past perfect.
- When Sally arrived at home, her husband (already prepare) dinner.
- As my brother (forget) to tell me that I was supposed to go to the supermarket, we didn’t have anything to eat last night.
- When Billy finally got to the train station, the train (already leave).
- Samantha was very tired because she (work) hard all day.
- When Christine met one of her favourite TV stars on Broadway, she was very excited because she (never see) any stars before.
- On Thursday, Dan came home from a long journey around the world and his mum was very happy to see him again as she (not even talk) to him for a month.
- When Sally arrived at home, her husband had already prepared dinner.
- As my brother had forgotten to tell me that I was supposed to go to the supermarket, we didn’t have anything to eat last night.
- When Billy finally got to the train station, the train had already left.
- Samantha was very tired because she had worked hard all day.
- When Christine met one of her favourite TV stars on Broadway, she was very excited because she had never seen any stars before.
- On Thursday, Dan came home from a long journey around the world and his mum was very happy to see him again as she hadn’t even talked to him for a month.
Put the verb into the specified form.
- he / to dream (simple past)
- we / to cut (present progressive)
- it / to shake (present perfect simple)
- I / to eat (past progressive)
- they / to feel (past perfect simple)
- it / to shine (present perfect simple)
- you / to stand (present perfect progressive)
- they / to cost (simple past)
- he / think (simple present)
- he dreamt
- we are cutting
- it has shaken
- I was eating
- they had felt
- it has shone
- you have been standing
- they cost
- he thinks
Listen to the track below.
- Complete the notes. Write short answers to the questions.
- Who? - Sir Francis, Lord , and sailors, the Great , an English
- Listen to the track again and answer the following questions.
- Where does the English fleet wait?
- Why do the Spaniards want to attack the English?
- What happens after the sailor in the lookout shouts that the Spaniards are coming?
- What does Lord Howard mean when he says “There’s no time to lose”?
- Why is Lord Howard so puzzled when he sees Sir Francis Drake writing into his logbook as all the other sailors are running to their ships?
- Why does Sir Francis Drake not run to his ship like all the other men?
- What is Sir Francis Drake’s plan?
- What is the advantage (= Vorteil) of small ships and how does that help the English?
- Where does the Great Armada retreat to (= sich zurückziehen) after the first fight?
- What are fire-ships and what do the English do with them?
- Proposal for solution:
- Sir Francis, Lord Howard, English and Spanish sailors, the Great Armada, an English fleet
- A great seabattle, a hopeless situation for the English, Drake’s plans (attack from behind, burning ships), the defeat of the Spanish
- July 1588
- Plymouth harbour, English Channel, Calais, North Sea
- The Spanish wanted to take revenge on the English and attack their fleet, because Drake had robbed them earlier.
- Proposal for solution:
- The English fleet waits in Plymouth harbour.
- They want to attack the English because Drake had attacked their towns and stolen their treasures.
- When the men hear that the Spanish ships are coming through the Channel they start to panic. Everyone tries to get to his ship as quickly as possible.
- When Lord Howard says that “There’s no time to lose” he means that the Spanish ships are coming closer and closer. The English sailors have to be quick if they want to stop the Spaniards.
- Lord Howard is very puzzled because normally Sir Francis Drake should be running to his ship as well instead of writing into his logbook.
- Sir Francis Drake does not run to his ship because he thinks that they will not be able to beat the Spaniards if they start the battle right away. He has a plan.
- His plan is to follow the Great Armada and to attack them from behind.
- The good thing about little ships is that they are faster than bigger ships. It helps the English to catch up with/reach the Spanish ships to fire cannonballs at them.
- The Great Armada retreats to the harbour of Calais where it is difficult for the English to attack them.
- Fireships are ships which are filled with pitch and tar, lighted and sailed towards other ships to set them on fire. With the help of fireships the English want to burn down as many ships of the Great Armada as possible.
Find the meaning of the following words from the track of Aufgabe 3. You can listen to the track again.
- play bowls
- take a rest
- at their tail
- Bowls spielen (Bowls ist eine englische Nationalsportart und ist ähnlich wie Kegeln, nur ohne Kegel. Man wirft auf Rasen eine kleine Kugel aus und versucht, seine großen Kugeln so nah wie möglich an die kleine Kugel heran zu bekommen.)
- driften (lassen), treiben (lassen)
- terrible deeds = schreckliche Taten
- eine Pause machen
- wörtlich: pausenlos, ruhelos, unruhig
- auf ihren Fersen; hinter ihnen her
Check whether you can apply the present perfect and the past perfect correctly. Pay attention to the correct translation of "seit"!
- Wie lange wohnt ihr schon in eurem neuen Haus?
- Wir wohnen seit einem Monat in diesem Haus.
- Bevor wir in dieses Haus gezogen waren, hatten wir eine Mietswohnung.
- How long have you been living in your new house?
- We have been living in this house for a month.
- Before we moved into that house, we had had a flat.
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