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Past tense (1)


Aufgabe 1

Grammar

Read each sentence. Underline the past tenses. Then make a list of the phrases you underlined and write the name of the tense next to each phrase. You will find examples of the simple past, past progressive, past perfect, and past perfect progressive.

  1. We were visiting the famous building when my friend hurt her foot.
  2. Much to my parents’ surprise, I had prepared dinner before they arrived home from work.
  3. They had been hiking for about six hours before they reached their destination.
  4. She had just found the bus stop when her bus drove past her.
  5. He was eating popcorn very loudly while he was watching the movie.

Lösung

  1. We were visiting the famous building when my friend hurt her foot.
    were visiting = past progressive
    hurt = simple past
  2. Much to my parents’ surprise, I had prepared dinner before they arrived home from work.
    had prepared = past perfect
    arrived = simple past
  3. They had been hiking for about six hours before they reached their destination.
    had been hiking = past perfect progressive
    reached = simple past
  4. She had just found the bus stop when her bus drove past her.
    had found = past perfect
    drove = simple past
  5. He was eating popcorn very loudly while he was watching the movie.
    was eating = past progressive
    was watching = past progressive
  • Schwierigkeitsgrad:  1
  • Zeit:  5 Minuten
  • Punkte:  10

Aufgabe 2

Grammar

Past perfect or past perfect progressive? Complete the gaps with the correct answers.

  1. They ______________ (to not chat) online for more than ten minutes when she said she had to log off.
  2. It arrived in March, but they ______________ (to expect) the letter since January.
  3. Luckily, before she ordered coffee, she ______________ (to notice) that the café offered delicious hot chocolate.
  4. We ______________ (to drive) for an hour when I noticed I had forgotten my book at the hotel.
  5. You solved that puzzle very quickly. ______________ (you / to see) it before?

Lösung

  1. They hadn’t been chatting/had not been chatting online for more than ten minutes when she said she had to log off.
  2. It arrived in March, but they had been expecting the letter since January.
  3. Luckily, before she ordered coffee, she had noticed that the café offered delicious hot chocolate.
  4. We had been driving for an hour when I noticed I had forgotten my book at the hotel.
  5. You solved that puzzle very quickly. Had you seen it before?
  • Schwierigkeitsgrad:  2
  • Zeit:  5 Minuten
  • Punkte:  5

Aufgabe 3

Writing

Use the information in the chart to make sentences about Adam’s life. Use the simple past, past progressive, past perfect and past perfect progressive. Write ten sentences.

Born in Bremen in 1990 Moved to Wolfsburg in 1995 Moved to Chemnitz in 2008

- Attended Kindergarten from 1993 to 1995

- Started learning English in 1994

- Learned to swim 1997-1998

- Attended Grammar School 42 from 1996 to 2001

- Attended the Wolfsburg Gymnasium from 2000 to 2007

- Studied Biology at the TU Chemnitz from 2008 to 2014

- Received his college degree in 2014

- Met his girlfriend Iris in 2010

Lösung

Hinweis: Deine Lösung kann auch anders aussehen. Wichtig ist, dass die past tense-Formen richtig gebildet wurden.

While he lived in Bremen, Adam attended Kindergarten.

While he was attending Kindergarten, he started learning English.

Adam hadn’t learned any English until 1994.

Adam started learning English while he was living in Bremen.

Before Adam moved to Wolfsburg, he had started learning English.

Adam had attended Kindergarten in Bremen for two years before he moved to Wolfsburg.

After Adam moved to Wolfsburg, he learned how to swim.

Adam hadn’t learned to swim until he moved to Wolfsburg.

While Adam was attending Grammar School 42, he learned how to swim.

Adam attended the Wolfsburg Gymnasium while he was living in Wolfsburg.

Adam met his girlfriend while he was studying Biology at the TU Chemnitz.

Adam had been studying in Chemnitz for two years before he met his girlfriend.

Hint: The simple past can be used in combination with the past progressive, past perfect, and past perfect progressive tenses. Clauses that start with after, as soon as, before, and until can have either simple past or past perfect.

  • Schwierigkeitsgrad:  2
  • Zeit:  15 Minuten
  • Punkte:  20

Aufgabe 4

Grammar

Complete the sentences using the correct past tense of the verbs in brackets. You will use the simple past, the past progressive, and the past perfect tenses.

One night—it __________ (to be) on the twentieth of March, 1888—I __________ (to return) from a journey to a patient (for I __________ (to return) to practicing medicine), when my way __________ (to lead) me through Baker Street. As I __________ (to pass) the well-remembered door, I __________ (to have) a strong desire to see Sherlock Holmes again, and to know how he __________ (to use) his extraordinary powers. His rooms were brilliantly lit, and, when I __________ (to look) up, I __________ (to see) his tall figure pass the window twice. He __________ (to pace) the room swiftly, eagerly, with his head sunk upon his chest and his hands clasped behind him. To me, a person who __________ (to know) his every mood and habit, his attitude and manner __________ (to tell) their own story. He __________ (to be) at work again. He __________ (to rise) out of his drug-created dreams and __________ (to be) hot on the scent of some new problem. I __________ (to ring) the bell and his housekeeper __________ (to show) me up to the flat, which in the past __________ (to be) in part my own.

Lösung

One night – it was on the twentieth of March, 1888 – I was returning  from a journey to a patient (for I had returned to practicing medicine), when my way led me through Baker Street. As I passed the well-remembered door, I had a strong desire to see Sherlock Holmes again, and to know how he was using his extraordinary powers. His rooms were brilliantly lit, and, when I looked up, I saw his tall figure pass the window twice. He was pacing the room swiftly, eagerly, with his head sunk upon his chest and his hands clasped behind him. To me, a person who knew his every mood and habit, his attitude and manner told their own story. He was at work again. He had risen out of his drug-created dreams and was hot on the scent of some new problem. I rang the bell and his housekeeper showed me up to the flat, which in the past had been in part my own.

Adapted from:  Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan. The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Adventure I: A Scandal in Bohemia.

  • Schwierigkeitsgrad:  3
  • Zeit:  10 Minuten
  • Punkte:  17

Aufgabe 5

Translation

Translate the sentences into English.

  1. Ich radelte gerade zur Schule, als ich sah, dass meine Socken nicht zueinander passten.
  2. Sie suchten 20 Minuten nach dem neuen Restaurant, bevor sie letztendlich das Schild sahen.
  3. Bevor das Mädchen Spanien besuchte, hatte sie noch nie im Ozean gebadet.
  4. Es hatte noch nicht angefangen zu regnen, bevor wir im Park für das Picknick angekommen waren.
  5. Er schloss gerade die Tür seiner Wohnung ab, als er das Telefon klingeln hörte.

Lösung

  1. I was biking to school when I saw that my socks didn’t match.
  2. They had been looking for the new restaurant for about 20 minutes before they finally saw the sign.
  3. Before the girl visited Spain, she had never swum in an ocean.
  4. It hadn’t started to rain until we (had) arrived at the park for the picnic.
  5. He was locking the door to his flat when he heard the phone ring.
  • Schwierigkeitsgrad:  3
  • Zeit:  10 Minuten
  • Punkte:  10
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