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Wie du Argumente formulierst und ordnest


Find negative and positive consequences of globalization.

Schritt 1: Finde Argumente und Gegenargumente

Arbeite deine Position heraus, formuliere These und Gegenthese, überlege dir Argumente und Gegenargumente und ordne sie nach ihrer Wichtigkeit.

  • Wie stehst du zum gefragten Sachverhalt?
  • Welche Argumente (arguments, pros) und Gegenargumente (counter-arguments, cons) fallen dir zu der Frage ein? Wie lassen sich die Argumente thesenartig formulieren?
  • Überlege, welche Aspekte und Punkte deiner Materialsammlung für die Aufgabe wichtig sind. Welche lassen sich deinen Thesen und Argumenten als Begründungen, Belege und Beispiele zuordnen?

These und Argument

Ein Argument begründet eine These und wird in der Regel mit einem Beweis bzw. einem Beispiel untermauert.

Schritt 2: Ordne deine Argumente

Ordne Thesen und Argumente entsprechend ihrer Bedeutung und erstelle eine Rangfolge. Welches Argument ist das wichtigste bzw. stärkste? Welche Argumente sind weniger stark?


The pros of globalization:

  • Among the most important positive consequences is the increasing economic growth.
  • Furthermore, it has helped to achieve a higher range of available products.
  • The free flow of capital makes sure that capital is allocated more efficiently, and it results in the opening up of additional markets.
  • For these reasons, consumers benefit from a greater freedom of choice and cheaper products.
  • Therefore, the emerging competitive system is regarded as superior.
  • Some people also favour the intermingling of different cultures, because they see the increase in shared cultural values as advantageous.
  • Supporters of globalization also think that it represents a chance for development and rising living standards in Third World countries (e. g. improvement of the infrastructure).
  • Besides, they argue that the improved systems of communication and transport are an advantage for people around the globe.

The cons of globalization:

  • Opponents of globalization point out that it creates more economic and social inequality and even leads to greater poverty and social conflict.
  • Besides, ordinary people have very little influence on the process of globalization.
  • This means that some people are totally excluded from the development, mainly those from developing countries and in particular from rural areas.
  • For this reason, globalization is sometimes even seen as a clash of cultures.
  • Opponents also claim that economic interests and developments are at the centre of globalization while topics like human rights or democracy only play a minor role.
  • According to the opponents of globalization, ecological problems have increased tremendously in the course of this development.
  • Furthermore, it is feared that globalization will result in the loss of jobs and lower wages in the richer countries.
  • In addition to that, people do not have the time to understand everything that is going on as things are changing so fast.
  • In contrast to the supporters of globalization, some people see the intermingling of cultures as a disadvantage because it sometimes leads to the loss of identity or racial and religious conflicts.
  • Last, but not least, the increased pace of the Internet and other technologies has also increased the pressure to remain competitive.
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